1. Well Water Irrigation system: There are various types of wells– shallow wells, deep wells, tube wells, artesian wells, etc. From the shallow wells water is not always available as the level of water goes down during the dry months. Deep wells are more suitable for the purpose of irrigation as water from them is available throughout the year. It helps the farmers for irrigation purposes. At places where ground water is available, a tube-well can be installed near the agricultural area.2. Tank Water Irrigation system: In the Deccan, water-reservoirs are made by constructing dams. In Northern India also, tanks are constructed for storing water. From all these tanks, water is carried to the fields through canals.
3. Inundation Irrigation system: Canal irrigation is playing a vital role in Indian agriculture. In many places during the rainy season, there is flood in the rivers. The flood water is carried to the field through canals.They supply water only when there is flood in the rivers, and therefore, are of no use during the dry season when water is required most.
4. Perennial Canals Irrigation System: The perennial canals get the supply of water either from the river directly or through the reservoirs of the river projects. In order to supply water throughout the year, reservoirs are constructed for storing water. From these reservoirs, water can be supplied to the fields whenever there is demand for it. So this system of irrigation ensures supply of water in all season.
canals are built to supply water
.Moat (pulley system)
.Rahat (lever system)
Hope it'd've been useful.
Different kinds of irrigation systems are adopted to supply water to agricultural lands depending on the kinds of water resources available.
These include wells, canals, rivers and tanks.
Wells: They are of two types dug wells and tube wells. In dug wells, water is collected from water bearing strata while in tube wells water is tapped from the deeper strata. From these wells, water is lifted by pumps for irrigation.
Canals: Canal system is usually an elaborate and extensive irrigation system. Canals receive water from one or more reservoirs or from rivers. The main canal is divided into branch canals having further distributaries to irrigate fields.
River lift systems: In this system, water is directly drawn from the rivers for supplementing irrigation in areas lying close to rivers. This system is used in areas where canal flow is insufficient or irregular due to inadequate reservoir release.
Tanks: Tanks are small storage reservoirs, which intercept and store the run-off of smaller catchment areas.
Apart from the above systems, some new initiatives have been undertaken for increasing the water available for agriculture. These include rainwater harvesting system and watershed management system. This involves building small check-dams which lead to an increase in groundwater levels. These check-dams stop the rainwater from flowing away and also reduce soil erosion.
Dip system-The system in which water only falls on crops directly is know as dip system. This system is useful because there is no wastage of water in this system.
1.In the sprinkler system ,water escapes from resolving nozzles and is sprinkled like rain on the crops. This system is useful for sandy soil and on heaven land .
2.integration water is allowed to fall drop by drop from A pipe just near the roots of plants this minimise wastage of water however it is very expensive it is useful in area where there is water shortage .
hope it helps you
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