now it is getting improved as people are learning the system of equality
3) Number of females per thousand males
A low population of female in a society is an important indicator of its socio-cultural ways. A low female population may indicate harmful practices prevalent in an area like female infanticide and foeticide. In societies where, boys are thought to be future breadwinners and girls nothing but a burden to be borne until marriage, are the areas usually with a low female population.
a) they go to school , help with house work care for family members, prepare themselves to take on the responsibility of adult hood
A. Sex ratio
I think it's the answer!! this shows the number of males and females in a society.
Discrimination against women and girls is a pervasive and long-running phenomenon that characterises Indian society at every level.
India’s progress towards gender equality, measured by its position on rankings such as the Gender Development Index has been disappointing, despite fairly rapid rates of economic growth.
In the past decade, while Indian GDP has grown by around 6%, there has been a large decline in female labour force participation from 34% to 27%. The male-female wage gap has been stagnant at 50% (a recent survey finds a 27% gender pay gap in white-collar jobs).
Crimes against women show an upward trend, in particular brutal crimes such as rapes, dowry deaths, and honour killings. These trends are disturbing as a natural prediction would be that with growth comes education and prosperity, and a possible decline in adherence to traditional institutions and socially prescribed gender roles that hold women back.
Equality between men and women exists when both are able to share equally in the distribution of power and influence; have equal opportunities for financial independence through work or through setting up businesses; enjoy equal access to education and the opportunity to develop personal ambitions, interests etc
Gender inequality is not perpetuated exclusively through differential access to and control over material
resources. Gender norms and stereotypes reinforce gendered identities and constrain the behaviour of
women and men in ways that lead to inequality (Ridgeway, 2011). We therefore also explore trends in some
key indicators of gender inequality in norms, using data from four waves of the World Values Survey.
Any approach to analysing global trends in gender equality must be cognizant of the fact that not all gender
disparities favour men. For example, trends in educational attainment in recent years indicate gender reversals
in some countries, with women’s educational attainment exceeding men’s. Evidence of male disadvantage
is important to identify for intrinsic reasons and also because declines in men’s absolute well-being could
lead to resistance to policies that promote gender equality. In
promoting greater equality, whether by class, race or gender, the
most politically feasible strategy is to achieve this goal without
lowering the standard of living of the dominant (i.e., male) group.
This suggests that, in evaluating gender trends in inequality,
we also want to know whether greater gender equality has
occurred in an environment of stagnating, declining or rising
India has a rich and vibrant women's movement but it has still a long way to go to achieve gender equality and gender justice. ... Women played a prominent role and led demonstrations, invented and shouted militant slogans and mobilised the masses. As women's militancy developed, gender based issues were raised.
Men have always been considered stronger then female, since the beggning of time, women have always been suppressed and have been considered to be the weaker and sublime sex as compared to men. In the early 19th century after the freedom struggles and feminine rallies, women voices were finally heard and women were given the due rights and respect which they have
always deserved. Women are now free to vote, work, speak; movement and all the basic fundamental desires are free and available to every woman of the world. Women are now free to go to work, attain education in whatever they desire and above all women are now provided equal opportunities and privileges, which were once only available to the men.Women in education The differences between boys' and girls' schooling are greatest seen in the regions with the lowest primary school completion rates and lowest average incomes. In Sub-Saharan Africa the ratio of girls' to boys' enrollments in
primary and secondary school has hardly changed since 1990, and in 1999 it stood at 82 percent. In South Asia progress has been greater, but girls' enrollments reached only 81 percent of boys' in 1999 as compared to the 92% enrolment of boys. The number of literate women aged 15-24 years in the world went up from 390 million in 1990 to 432 million in 2000. This represents a global increase in the female literacy rate of approximately 3 percentage points from 80 to 83 per cent. At current rates, however, the target of eliminating gender inequality in education by 2015 will not be met, with the literacy rate for women 15-24 projected to be 88 per cent.
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, or modern standard is a standardised and sanskritised register of the language. in india, the official standardized variety of the language is based primarily on the khariboli dialect of and other nearby areas of northern india.