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the Waste Act requires the development of a National Waste Management Strategy that gives effect to the objects of the Act, which are:
to protect health, well-being and the environment by providing reasonable measures for—
minimising the consumption of natural resources;
avoiding and minimising the generation of waste;
reducing, re-using, recycling and recovering waste;
treating and safely disposing of waste as a last resort;
preventing pollution and ecological degradation;
securing ecologically sustainable development while promoting justifiable economic and social
promoting and ensuring the effective delivery of waste services;
remediating land where contamination presents, or may present, a significant risk of harm to health or the
achieving integrated waste management reporting and planning;
to ensure that people are aware of the impact of waste on their health, wellbeing and the environment;
to provide for compliance with the measures set out in paragraph (a) and
generally, to give effect to section 24 of the Constitution in order to secure an environment that is not harmful to health and well-being.
The primary focus of these objects is the achievement of the waste hierarchy, but there is also a set of broader social and economic objectives which the strategy aims to achieve, summarised in Section 6 (1)(a)(vi) above. These objects of the Waste Act have been distilled into a set of high level goals and objectives for sustainable development and for each step of the waste hierarchy. The goals and objectives of the NWMS are summarized in the table below.
GoalObjectivesTable 3: Goals and objectives for NWMSSecuring ecologically sustainable development while promoting justifiable economic and social development
To ensure the protection of the environment through effective waste management measures
To protect the health and wellbeing of people by providing an affordable waste collection service
Grow the contribution of the waste sector to GDP
Increase number of jobs within waste services, recycling and recovery sectors
Promote SMMEs in waste sector
Avoiding and minimizing the generation of waste
Ensure the design and manufacture of products that avoid or minimize waste generation
Discourage waste generation through cost reflective and volume based tariffs
Increase consumer awareness of waste minimization issues
Reducing, re-using, recycling and recovering waste
Increase reuse and recycling rates of products
Reduce the percentage (%) of recyclable material to landfill
Ensure separation at source in all metropolitan and local municipalities
Encourage the establishments of Material Recovery Facilities (MRFs)
Encourage waste to energy options
Support the diversion of high calorific waste from landfill to recovery options
Promoting and ensuring the effective delivery of waste services
Facilitate the provision of at least a basic level of waste service to all
Ensure an efficient and effective solid waste management
Implement free basic refuse removal policy for indigent households
Promote the regionalisation of waste management services
Treating and safely disposing of waste as a last resort
Stabilise quantity of waste disposed to landfill then reduce this volume
Improve landfill management to comply with legislation
Increase thermal treatment and conversion of waste to energy
Ensure the diversion of certain waste tyres from landfill
Remediating land where contamination presents a significant risk of harm to health or the environment
Quantify the extent of contaminated land
Implement contaminated land measures in the Waste Act
Remediate priority areas of contaminated land
Clarify extent of state liability for contaminated land
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E-waste is a growing concern and there has been a rapid increase in health hazards because of discharging the toxic materials into the environment. The goal of e-waste recycling providers is to help businesses and organizations in getting rid of obsolete electronics and safeguard the environment. The E-waste management market is experiencing exponential growth as more and more businesses are hiring the electronic recycling providers that are well-acquainted with efficient e-waste management techniques. Electronic recycling can help in saving unnecessary dumps and landfills, furthermore reduces greenhouse gas emissions, and save natural resources. Giving away the old electronics is important in the provision of refurbished products including mobile phones and computers.
1. Evaluate EU policy and legislation (Waste Framework Directive) options and opportunities related to waste management collection practices.
2. Contribute on mobilising ICTs to facilitate the transition to an energy-efficient, low-carbon economy waste management methodologies. The overall aim is to contribute with the EU objectives in relation to GHG reduction for 2020 in the waste management sector.
3. Develop appropriate environmental assessment, implementation and monitoring activities related to different waste collection methodologies and the respective benefits to improve current waste management practices.
- Improvement of people’s quality of life
- Reduce environmental impact comparing with current methodologies
- Increase waste recycling level and citizens’ cooperation
- Reduce investment and operational costs, noise and traffic problems
4. Demonstrate the optimization of waste management practices (Local Action Plans) through the implementation of the EWAS model at a local and sectoral level.
5. Increase the awareness of new waste collection methodologies, provide training and disseminate information for the active participation of local stakeholders.
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