A perspective on Intelligence Quotient (IQ) versus Emotional Quotient (EQ)

IQ, or intelligence quotient, is a numerical score derived from one of several standardized tests designed to assess an individual’s intelligence. It measures the numeric-linguistic and logical abilities. Since IQ is the measure of ‘intelligence’ or general intelligence, which is believed to be inborn therefore, high IQ can’t be developed if one is not endowed with it already.

EQ, on the other hand, is not a numerical score. EQ stands for emotional quotient, which represents the relative measure of a person’s healthy or unhealthy development of his innate potential for emotional intelligence (EI). Two persons with same level of EI may have different levels of EQ, because EQ is the product of socialization. The development of EQ takes place because of the emotional lessons obtained from parents, teachers etc.

EQ is believed to be a better indicator of success at the workplace. People with high EQ usually make great leaders and team players because of their ability to understand, empathize, and connect with the people around them. According to Goleman, success at workplace is about
80% or more dependent on EQ and about 20% or less dependent upon IQ. As a result, many
persons, high on IQ, may not be successful in life, while contrary to this, most successful people
are high on EQ. The success of most professions today depends on our ability to read other
people’s signals and react appropriately to them.

It’s not the smartest people that are the most successful or the most fulfilled in life. There are
people who are academically brilliant and yet are socially inept and unsuccessful at work or in
their personal relationships. Intellectual intelligence (IQ) isn’t enough on its own to be
successful in life. Ones IQ can get him into college, but it’s the Emotional Intelligence that
manages the stress and emotions when facing final exams or during an interview.

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