The word ‘democracy’ has a Greek origin. ‘Demo’ means ‘people’, whilst ‘cracy’ means ‘power’. Democracy is a type of government system where the people of the country have the power to make decisions about their country and the government doesn’t simply impose its decision on the people. The most modern interpretation of democracy was given by American President, Mr. Abraham Lincoln, who said ‘democracy is the government of the people, for the people, by the people’. In today’s contemporary world, democracy has been accepted as the best form of government, although its successful working depends on certain pre-requisites. The word 'democracy' means 'rule by the people. 'A democracy is a system where people can change their rulers in a peaceful manner and the government is given the right to rule because the people say it may.
Demerits in India is described as
1. leaders keep on changing . This leads to instability
2. Ordinary people don't know what is good for them
3. it leads to bad desicions
4. many people have to be consulted in a democracy that it leads to delays
5. democracy leads to corruption for it is based on electoral competition
6. it hasn't ended poverty in many countries
7. it leads to mortality
8. democracy is all about political competition and power play
Merits of democracy
1. in democracy rulers are elected by people
2. in a democracy final decision making power rests with those elected by the people
3. in a democracy an adult citizen has one vote and each vote has one value
4. all the ills of democracy can be cured by more democracy
5.in democracy people are under the rulers but they are self rulers
6. it enhance the dignity of citizen
7. there is a freedom of speech and expression
8. democracy gives every person the right to be his own oppressor
hope this will help you✌️✌️
mark it as brainliest answer pls
(ii) Slow and inefficient government The most common demerit of democracy is that, it is slow in its functioning. The decision-making process involves long debates and deliberations in the Parliament. This takes a lot of time before the decisions are actually taken.
(iii)Incompetence Democracy gives every individual the right to voice his concern. As a result, everybody focusses on his personal interests and not the-
collective interests. This sometimes leads to incompetent and wrong selections of the candidates in the government.
(iv)Role of money in a democracy Money plays an important role at the time of the elections. A lot of money is needed to organise demonstrations, public meetings and speeches. Those candidates are chosen in the elections, who can raise lot of money for the party.
Match the examples in Column I with the features of Democracy in Column 11:
i) Political Instability
Demerit of democracy
Chairman of the Drafting Committee
Major decision by elected lleaders
please give question cleanly so I will understand
so sorry I didn't get understand properly
a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
"a system of parliamentary democracy"
Democracy is all about political competition and power play. There is no scope for morality. Consultation in a democracy from many people leads to delays. Democracy leads to corruption for it is based on electoral competition.
merits - everyone is independent
demerits - too much politics
merits - freedom for everyone
demerits - too much politics
➺ Democracy can provide for changes in government without violence. In a democracy, power is transferred from one party to another by means of elections. The choice of the citizens of a nation determines its ruling authority. The government runs on people's support. Thus, democracy allows for a stable form of government.
➺ The government is bound by an election term after which it has to compete with other parties to regain authority. This system prevents monopoly of the ruling authority. The ruling party has to make sure it works for the people for it cannot remain in authority after completing its term, unless re-elected by the people.
➺ This brings in a feeling of obligation towards the citizens. The ruling authorities owe their success in the elections to the citizens. They feel grateful towards the people and socially responsible for them. It can serve as their motivation to work for the people, for it is them who have the right of choosing their government.
➺ Another important advantage of democracy is that the people gain a sense of participationin the process of choosing their government (in representative democracy) and in making policy decisions (in direct democracy). They get the opportunity to voice their opinions by means of electoral votes. This breeds a sense of belonging towards society and their nation.
➺ Democracy promotes equality and the protection of people's rights. There is a strong legal system, and for the law, everyone is equal. All the citizens have the right to vote. The other social and political rights they have are also the same, and not based on their caste, creed, or any other factor. The chances of discrimination on the basis of these factors are very less, unlike in a monarchy, where the ruler may favor a particular group or community.
➺ In a direct democracy, the citizens directly participate in legislation, and have the authority in policy initiatives. The laws and governing policies are made by the citizens themselves, giving them maximum participation and bringing transparency to the system. Policy decisions are made with the consensus of people which makes the process fair.
➺ As people are directly responsible for the policies in a direct democracy, it does not leave them a chance for blaming the representatives.
➺ In a representative democracy, not citizens, but the representatives elected by them are responsible for making laws and formulating policies for the government. They make the people's concerns heard, and the decisions or laws made by them cater to the people's interests.
➺ In a democratic nation, it is the citizens who hold the right to elect their representatives and their governing authorities. According to a common observation, not all the citizens are fully aware of the political scenario in their country or the issues their nation faces. This may result in people making the wrong choices during election.
➺ Sadly, in some countries, people do not exercise their right to vote. Many are reluctant to vote or less aware about the impact their votes can have. They do not consider it as their privilege, and take the process of voting less seriously.
➺ Representatives may not necessarily be elected on merit. In a system of voting, the majority rules and there is no distinction between the votes cast by the literate and the illiterate. People may favor someone based on factors other than pure capability. Thus, the individual elected by the public may not always be the right candidate for the position.
➺ In a democracy, it takes longer to take decisions and implement them. In a monarchy, it's one person who can take decisions and ensure their quick implementation. In a democracy, the implementation requires majority voting, thus making this form of government relatively less prompt in taking actions.
➺ As the government is subject to change after every election term, the authorities may work on short-term goals. As they have to face an election after the completion of each term, they may lose focus on working for the people and rather focus on winning elections.
➺ Another disadvantage of democracy is that the mobs can influence people. Citizens may vote in favor of a party under the influence of the majority. Compelled or influenced by opinions of those around, a person may not use his own judgment when voting.
➺ A lot of expenditure is made on elections. Even candidates may use money to attract the masses to vote for them. This leads to a wastage of money and resources, which could have been used in public interest.
➺ Election campaigns may involve immoral practices to lure the masses.
➺ A disadvantage of direct democracy is that not all citizens are knowledgeable enough to take the right decision regarding legislation.
detail ham de
the royal proclamation of 1763 passed by the britain king george ii after the end of indo french war had stated that a line be drawn along the mountains to diminish the indian reserve.
caused great anger among the colonies as now would not be able to access the riches of the west. had caused a great havoc and was later raised during the american revolution.