The Madras Presidency, also known as the Presidency of Fort St. George, or Madras Province, was an administrative subdivision or Presidency of British India. This presidency included most of southern India, like the whole states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and parts of Odisha, Kerala, Karnataka, and Lakshadweep.
The most probable reasons that can be considered for not extending the permanent settlement system of Bengal in the Madras Presidency are:-
1. The highly successful zamindari settlement was established in Bengal by Lord Cornwallis. When the Company did not reach the expected profit levels, a new system, known as the "Village Settlement" was implemented. This involved the leasing of land to the principal cultivators, who in turn leased the land to ryots or peasant farmers. However, as a village settlement had few differences compared to a permanent settlement, it was eventually discarded.
2. Between 1748 and 1895, as with the Bengal and Bombay armies, the Madras Army had its own Commander-in-Chief who was subordinate to the president and later to the Governor of Madras. However, the 1857 Mutiny quickly led to drastic changes in the Bengal and Bombay armies and it had no effect on the Madras Army.
3. In the Ryotwari system, the land was handed over directly to the ryots who paid their rent directly to the government. The land was assessed and paid revenue fixed by the Government. A new system was implemented called the "Mahalwari" or village system under which landlords, as well as the ryots, entered into a contract with the Government.
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