The non formal conservation is an integral part of a life long learning concept that allows young people and adults to acquire and maintain the skills, abilities and outlook needed to adapt to a continuous changing environment.
The non formal environment conservation education includes awareness and training which plays a significant role in encouraging and enhancing peoples participation in activities aimed at conservation, protection and management of the environment.
Non formal conservation efforts in India provides key opportunities for creating environmentally literate citizens outside the formal classroom settings.
Program-mes are developed to increase environmental conservation education opportunities for all audiences of the Indian societies and also used for delivery techniques that go beyond formal environment conservation.
For a majority of the population that still does not have adequate access to formal education, environmental education and awareness can be acquired by programmes that fall outside the formal education system. Environmental education needs to be a lifelong affair rather than a matter of formal schooling.
This realization has resulted in an increase in non formal education which includes activities outside the framework of the established formal education system. The process of non-formal environment education is experience based involving exercises of solving environmental problems.
This gives the students an out-of-school exposure which involves the students in natural processes of enquiring, exploring, conjecturing, comparing, inferring, evaluating and decision making regarding environmental problems in their surroundings. Flexibility of approach is the most fundamental characteristic of non-formal environmental education programmes.
Non formal education includes organisation of extra-curricular activities like eco development camps, posters and essay-writing competitions, exhibitions, seminars, nature camps, nature-club activities, audio visual slides, mobile exhibitions etc.
Eco-development camps aim at creating awareness about basic ecological principles and solving environmental problems after identifying the causes of the ecological problems. Tree-plantation, trenching, fencing, seed-banks, cleaning water-bodies, hygiene and promoting the use of non-conventional energy sources are the activities included in these camps.
The Vikram Sarabhai Community Centre, Ahmedabad, involved children in carrying out experiments and surveys, and, the centre for environment education has evolved a water monitoring kit for secondary school students under the Ganga Pollution Control Programme. Arts and Crafts, folk dances, ballet and street plays are also used to impart informal environmental education by many organisations such as Bal Bhawan Society, Shantiniketan.
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