Political inequality is when certain individuals or groups have greater influence over political decision-making and benefit from unequal outcomes through those decisions, despite procedural equality in the democratic process.
Political equality refers to the equality of each citizen individuals right and liberty. In the politically equal society citizens who are unequal socially or financially still causes identical voting rights to accept equitable treatment under the law.
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here is your persons are equal before the law. means that all persons shall be equally protected by the laws of the country. it also states that no citizen can be discriminated against on the basis of their religion caste or sex. every person has access to all public places including playgrounds , hotels, shops etc. the state cannot discriminate against anyone in matters of employment.