The northern boundary of the Peninsular block is an irregular line running from Kuchchh along the western flank of the Aravali range to near Delhi, and thence roughly parallel to the Yamuna and the Ganga as far as the Rajmahal Hills and the Ganga Delta.
It is surrounded by the hill ranges on all the three sides. To its north are the Aravali Range, the Vindhya, the Satpura, the Bharmer and the Rajmahal Hills. To the south of about 22° N latitude, the Western Ghats (The Sahyadris) and the Eastern Ghats form its western and eastern boundaries respectively.
The entire plateau measures about 1,600 km in north-south and 1,400 km in east-west direction. It covers a total area of about 16 lakh sq km which is about half of the total land area of the country. It is thus the largest physiogrpahic unit of India.
The average height of the plateau is 600-900 m above sea level although many parts are well over 1000 m. The general slope of the palteau is from west to east with the exception of Narmada-Tapi rift which slopes westwards.
The Peninsular Plateau is an ancient tabular block composed mostly of the Archaean gneisses and schists. It has been a stable shield which has gone through little structural changes since its formation. Ever since the dawn of geological history the Peninsula has been a land area and has never been submerged beneath the sea except in a few places where marine transgressions have been made and that too locally and temporarily.
Undoubtedly, the entire Peninsular Plateau is an aggregation of several smaller plateaus and hill ranges interspersed with river basins and valleys. A brief description of these plateaus, hill ranges and the intervening river valleys will be of great help in describing the relief of this great plateau.
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1)..Chottanagar plateau is the storage of minerals due to the fact that it is rich in minerals like Mica, Bauxite, Copper, Limestone, Iron ore and coal..
2)..The choota nagar plateau is situated at the Eastern end of the central highlands.
The malwa plateau situated in Volcanic origin.
3)..The Mahanadi,Krishna,Godavari and the Kaveri
are the major part of peninsular plateau.Penusular rivers are fixed course ,absenceof meandars and non-perinnial the flow of water
1,2 lie in north peminsula
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The Peninsular drainage system is older than the Himalayan one. This is evident from the broad, largely-graded shallow valleys, and the maturity of the rivers. The Western Ghats running close to the western coast act as the water divide between the major Peninsular Rivers, discharging their water in the Bay of Bengal and as small rivulets joining the Arabian Sea. Most of the major Peninsular Rivers except Narmada and Tapi flow from west to east. The Chambal, the Sind, the Betwa, the Ken, the Son, originating in the northern part of the Peninsula belong to the Ganga river system. The other major river systems of the peninsular drainage are – the Mahanadi the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri. Peninsular rivers are characterised by fixed course, absence of meanders and non-perennial flow of water. The Narmada and the Tapi which flow through the rift valley are, however, exceptions.
The Western Ghats running close to the western coast act as the water divide between the major Peninsular Rivers, discharging their water in the Bay of Bengal and as small rivulets joining the Arabian Sea. Most of the major Peninsular Rivers except Narmada and Tapi flow from west to east.
what were the causes of the rise of the british in india? the east india company, started initially as a trading company, had, by 1773, acquired territorial control over bengal, bihar, orissa, madras and bombay. the nawab of awadh and carnatic were their dependents