(i) British Crown took over the control of administration − The British Parliament passed an Act in 1859, under which, the powers of the East India Company were transferred to the British Crown. The British government was now directly responsible for ruling India.
(ii) Provided a sense of security to the local rulers − The ruling chiefs of the country were assured that their territories would never be annexed by the British. However, they had to swear allegiance to the British crown. They also abolished the Doctrine of Lapse, thereby allowing rulers to pass on their kingdoms to adopted sons.
(iii) Provided a sense of security to landowners − Policies were made to protect landlords and zamindars, and give them security of rights over their lands.
(iv) Reorganised the army − The proportion of Indian soldiers in the army was reduced and the number of European soldiers in the army was increased.
(v) Treated the Muslims with suspicion and hostility − Considering them to be responsible for the rebellion in a big way, the British confiscated the land and property of Muslims on a large scale.
(vi) Promised non-interference in the sphere of religion − The British assured the people of India that their religious and social practises would be respected and not interfered with.
⚫ The rule of the East India Company ended and India came directly under the British crown through an Act in 1858. The Governor - General was given the title of Viceroy.
⚫ The ratio of Europeans to Indian soldiers was increased. No Indian was given any key positions.
⚫The British introduced the divide and rule policy blaming the Muslims for fomenting the revolt.
⚫The British decided to stop interfering India's customs and traditions.
⚫In order to gain a loyal class, the rights of zamindars and landlords were protected.
The revolt marked a turning point in the history of India.
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